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C12 Small Animal Care Test

Name ___________________________________              Date ___________

Multiple Choice

1.  The best time to get a puppy is when it is ________ old.

A.   6 - 9  weeks

B.   8 -12 weeks

C. 10- 14 weeks

D. 14- 16 weeks

2.  The best time to get a kitten is when it is ________ old.

A.   6 - 9  weeks

B.   8 -12 weeks

C. 10- 14 weeks

D. 14- 16 weeks

3.  Which of the following is not a recommended test for selecting a kitten or a puppy?

A.     Subject the kittens or puppies to a loud noise.

B.     Set the group of kittens or puppies in the center of a quiet room and throw a balled-up piece of newspaper towards them.

C.     Separate the kitten or puppy from the rest of the group to make sure it will not cry continually once you take it home.

D.     Pick up each kitten or puppy and cradle it in your arms.

4.  Clay or ceramic bowls are superior to metal or plastic dog food dishes because:

A.     They keep water cooler in the summer.

B.     The dog’s tongue will not stick to them in the winter.

C.     They are heavy and do not spill as easily.

D.     The dog will not chew it up.

E.      All of the above.

5.  Which of the following is not a sign of a dog that may be overheating?

A.     The dog look anxious.

B.     It pants excessively.

C.     It has a rapid heart rate.

D.     The nose, legs, and ears will be hot to the touch.

E.      The dog may turn irritable and be more prone to bark or bite.

F.      The mouth and tongue can be bright red or purple.

G.     The mucus membranes may be dry. 

6.  Which of the following is not a symptom that your dog may have an internal parasite problem?

A.     It may be constantly hungry.

B.     It may have messy diarrhea.

C.     It may be bloated and have gas.

D.     It may cough a lot.

E.      It may start losing some fur at a higher rate than normal.

F.      All these are symptoms of internal parasites.

7.  Which of the following is not a symptom that your dog may have an external parasite problem?

A.     Red/inflamed skin,

B.     Hair loss,

C.     Severe itching

D.     All these are symptoms of external parasites.

8.  Which of the following statements best represents a proper parasite prevention schedule?

A.  Once a year administer heartworm and flea & tick prevention.

B.  Monthly administer heartworm and flea & tick prevention. Once a year administer additional parasite prevention products for ascarids, tapeworms, strongyles, whipworms, and hookworms.

C.  Monthly administer parasite prevention products for ascarids, tapeworms, strongyles, whipworms, and hookworms.

E.      Only administer parasite prevention products if there is a problem.

9.  Which of the following is the best indicator of the pet's general state of health.

A.     Eyes

B.     Ears

C.     Teeth

D.     Nails

10.  When trimming nails, the area that should be trimmed or removed can be identified by:

A.     the transition from light colored nail to a pink or dark coloration.

B.     using the bottom of the foot pad as a landmark and removing any part of the nail that hangs below the foot pad.

C.     trial and error, just clip what looks good and if the pet bleeds a little, trim a little less next time.

D.     both A and B.

11.  Which tool is best to introduce the pet to brushing so it can become accustomed to it, making brushing a positive experience for them in the future??

A.     A slicker brush.

B.     A pin brush

C.     A rake

D.     A comb

12.  Which tool would be best for brushing out the limbs of a cat or dog?

A.     A slicker brush.

B.     A pin brush

C.     A rake

D.     A comb

13.  Which tool would be best to remove tangles in the long hair on the body of the pet or to work the shampoo into the deeper layers of the coat?

E.      A slicker brush.

F.      A pin brush

G.     A rake

H.     A comb

14.  Which tool would be best to comb out the coat after it has been thoroughly brushed or to remove tangles and mats?

A.  A slicker brush.

B.     A pin brush

C.     A rake

D.     A comb

15.  In general, most dogs can be bathed ________, depending on how dirty the pet gets.

A.     1-2 times per week

B.     1-2 times per month

C.     1-2 times per year

D.     1-2 times per decade

16.  The American Cat Fanciers’ Association (ACFA) recognizes about ____ different breeds of cats.

A.     25

B.     32

C.     46

D.     89

17.  Most kittens and puppies should be fed a puppy or kitten food until they are about

A.     3 months old

B.     6 months old

C.     9 months old

D.     A year old.

18.  Cats age ____ times faster than humans.

A.     3 times

B.     5 times

C.     7 times

D.     9 times

19.  Dogs age _____ times faster than humans.

A.  3 times

B.     5 times

C.     7 times

D.     9 times

20.  The average life expectancy of a cat is

A.     7 years

B.     9 years

C.     12 years

D.     14 years

21.  The average life expectancy of a dog is

A.     7 years

B.     9 years

C.     12 years

D.     14 years

22.  Dewclaw removal and tail docking should be done within the first

A.     3 to 5 days of life.

B.     3 weeks of life.

C.     6 months of life.

D.     year of life.

23.  The most critical thing you can teach a cat or dog from 6 weeks of age to about 12 weeks of age is

A.     to sit.

B.     to house train

C.     to come

D.     basic Socialization

 24.  When training a dog or a cat it is important to

A.     begin a training program early in the their life.

B.     keep it the commands simple, the sessions short and be consistent.

C.     provide a good treat and a positive reward for the appropriate response.

D.     do most training in a location without a lot of distractions.

E.      do all of the above.

25.  Which of the following techniques is not recommended for teaching a cat proper behavior?

A.     using a spray bottle filled with water to get a cat’s attention and help it stop unwanted behavior.

B.     to cover an area with double-sided sticky tape or tin foil.

C.     strike the cat with rolled up newspaper when you catch the cat doing something inappropriate?

D.     provide the cat with plenty of attention and play time.

26. Which of the following is not one of the four common reasons dogs bark?

A.  They are bored and lack physical and mental stimulus.

B.     They suffer from separation anxiety.

C.     They are excited or agitated by something.

D.     They have aggressive natures and are territorial.

E.      They gain great satisfaction in annoying their owners and neighbors.

27. When is the best time to spay a cat or a dog?

A.     Before their first heat cycle

B.     As soon as they are reproductively mature

C.     Before they are a year old

D.     Any time as it does not matter when it is done.

28.  _____________ is the deliberate ending of the life of an animal with a debilitating and incurable disease.

A.     Euthanasia

B.     Ovariohysterectomy

C.     Estrus

D.     Rhinotracheitis

True / False

29. _______ Table scraps and most human foods are beneficial to pets.

30. _______ In general, all dog foods should have some sort of animal based protein listed as one of the first three ingredients.

31. _______ Any dog food that uses the terms ground, kibbled or flaked for the same ingredient should be avoided.

32. _______ In general, large and giant breeds tend to age more slowly than the smaller breeds.

33. _______ Dogs only cool by panting; they cannot sweat.

34. _______ Snow and ice be substituted for water in the winter.

35. _______ A dog house should be large enough to allow the dog to turn around and lie down in, but small enough for the dog’s body to heat.

36. _______ Very small amounts of antifreeze, when ingested by an animal, can cause rapid kidney failure and death.

37. _______ If you suspect your dog has ingested some antifreeze it is best to wait to see if the dog becomes sick and then seek emergency medical care.

38. _______ Decorative plants such as poinsettia, holly, Jerusalem cherry, amaryllis, and mistletoe are poisonous to dogs.

39. _______ Heart worm is transmitted to dogs by mosquitoes.

40. _______ Dogs and cats can have problems with bad breath, tartar buildup, gingivitis, tooth decay, and cavities.

41. _______ Fluoride treatments are recommended for dogs to help reduce dental problems.

42. _______ When trimming your pets nails, be sure the trimmers are sharp and make the cut swiftly to avoid cracking or splitting the nail.

43. _______ Newborn kittens cannot generate sufficient body heat, so they must huddle close to the mother and with the other kittens in the litter to survive.

44. _______ Kittens and puppies do not have a sense of smell, sight, or teeth at birth.

45. _______ With their unpredictable high-pitched screaming, uncoordinated movements, and helpless position in a crib or on the floor, infants may resemble wounded prey to a predator and infants are killed every year by dogs.

46. _______ When bathing a dog or a cat, water should be squirted in the ears to clean them out.

47. _______ Before bathing any dog, it is important to completely brush the entire coat.

48. _______ Mats or tangles in the hair become easier to remove after the animal is wet.

49. _______ When bathing a dog or a cat, you should not fill the tub or sink with water      but rather rinse the dog with fresh water from a cup or hose sprayer.

50. _______ Human shampoos or dishwashing soaps are recommended for bathing dogs.

Match the dental problem with the correct description.

51. _______ The soft, thin film of food debris, saliva, and dead cells deposited on the teeth.

52. _______ The hard, stone-like material, creamy yellow to black in color, which results from mineralization of dental plaque. It cannot be removed by brushing; it must be removed with special equipment.

53. _______ is a condition where the gums surrounding the teeth are swollen, red, tender, and bleeding. It is usually caused by plaque and tartar buildup on the surface of the tooth.

54. _______ Is a slowly progressive process which causes tooth loss by destruction of the structures that support the tooth. Caused by chronic bacterial infections and gingivitis.

55. _______ is an infection in the calcified portions of the tooth. It is much more common in people than in dogs due to the cone shape of the teeth and the higher pH (lower acidity) of dog’s saliva as compared to that of people. When it does occur, it mostly affects the first molars.

A. Gingivitis           B. Periodontitis     C. Cavities            D. Plaque       

E. Dental Tarter (Calculus)

Match the following procedures with their correct description.

56. _______ With a thumb or finger, apply pressure to the gums just above or below a tooth. Once the gums under the thumb have been blanched out, the thumb can be removed. The blanched out area should return to normal color in less than 1-2 seconds. 

57. _______ The loose skin on the side, back, or shoulders can be gently pulled outward. This creates the "tent" in the skin. The skin should rapidly snap back and return to normal when released.

58. _______ It is best heard on the left side, behind the point of the elbow.

59. _______ They lie below the rib cage and do not extend beyond the last rib. It is abnormal if the sounds of fluid, crackles, or wheezes are heard.

60. _______ It is done through the rectum of the animal.

A. Checking the lungs           B. Checking hydration   

C. Checking capillary refill time       D. Checking the heart rate

E. Taking a temperature

Match the following breed descriptions with its proper classification.

61. ________ These dogs are most often "house pets" and can be a smaller version of a larger breed. They are too small to work, have lots of energy, and fit well in a small environment such as an apartment. Like all dogs, they require training and discipline. They have the tendency to bark and can get overly excited and destructive without attention, exercise, and training. Children should be taught to handle these breeds gently and understand that they are not built for rough play.

62. ________ Most of the dogs in this category are retrievers, pointers, spaniels, and setters. These breeds are often used for hunting. They are usually friendly, loyal to their masters, easily trained, and very energetic. Most of them are larger dogs that require plenty of exercise and human interaction.  If they are isolated and do not get the mental and physical stimulation they require, these dogs can develop anxiety problems and are prone to bark, chew, and dig. Some of the most popular family dogs, such as the labrador and golden retrievers, are part of this group.

63. ________ The breeds in this group vary in size, disposition, and temperament. Some of these dogs make wonderful family pets, while others may be difficult to have around children.

64. ________ The dogs of this group fall into three subcategories: pulling/snow dogs, guard dogs, and rescue dogs. Most of the dogs in this group are large in size, enjoy the outdoors, and have the temperament and coats to match the environment in which they were bred. Many of these dogs require intense grooming to keep their coats clean and healthy. Some of the dogs used for guarding and protection can be aggressive and should be well trained; they require a good socialization program that is started early in the puppy’s life.

65. ________ The breeds in this category have been used over the years to move livestock from place to place. They are very intelligent and easily trained.

They can make good companion dogs and can be good with children.

66. ________ The larger breeds in this group were bred to spot and chase wild game. These dogs have excellent eye sight and long legs that allow them to chase after wild game. The other dogs in this group are considered scent hounds. These dogs were bred to use their excellent sense of smell to find and track game. All the dogs in this group can make good pets, but require plenty of training and attention.

67. ________ These breeds in general tend to be free-spirited, energetic, fun-loving animals. They can be a challenge to control, with some being very aggressive if trained and used improperly. The smaller breeds are often used as house dogs, but can be prone to house-soiling, chewing, barking, and aggression if not properly trained and socialized.

A. Terrier Dogs                B. Toy Dogs      C. Hound Dogs     D. Sporting Dogs

E. Herding Dogs                F. Working Dogs           G. Non-Sporting Dogs

Match the type of aggression with the correct description.

68. _______ This is the most common type of aggression seen in pet dogs. Male dogs constitute 90% of this group, begin to manifest the aggressive behavior at social maturity (1 ˝ to 3 years of age). The aggression is generally directed toward those in the dog’s social circle over which the dog wishes to maintain control; this usually means the dog’s owners or other familiar people. It can occur when a person tries to take the animal’s food bowl away, put on a collar, awaken the animal from sleep, or attempt to discipline the dog.

69. _______ This type of aggression is manifested with growling, baring of the teeth, tail tucked between the legs, and escape attempts. A dog with arthritis may develop this type of aggression when handled.

70. _______ This type of aggression is most commonly associated with the presence of a strange person or animal in the yard or home where the dog lives. An indication of this type of aggression is the absence of aggression when the dog is away from its home.

71. _______ Dogs which chase small animals, bikers, or cars or show aggression toward infants.

72. _______ Aggression between dogs usually occurs among those of the same gender.  This is one form of aggression where hormonal influence is very significant, Therapy usually starts with castrating or spaying the offending dog.

73. _______ This type of aggression is displayed by female dogs with puppies, or during pregnancy.  Some female dogs will "mother" a toy and demonstrate aggression when the toy is taken away.

A. Fear/pain aggression   B. Predatory aggression  C. Territorial/protective aggression D. Maternal aggression       E. Inter-dog aggression    F. Dominance Aggression

Short Answer

74. To spay is a term used to describe the removal of the reproductive organs on a ______________ (gender) while to neuter is to remove the reproductive organs of a _________________.

75. List three benefits to spaying or neutering a pet?




76. List three external parasites found in cats and dogs.




77. List three internal parasites found in cats and dogs.




78. What are the 4 types of hair coat in dogs?





79. What are the two types of hair coats found in cats?



80. List three things that the pet owner should adjust or evaluate as their pet enters the pre-Geriatric (middle aged) years.